“Henri had ordered his troops to enter Paris against the chance that the arrival of the enormously popular and ultra-Catholic Duke of Guise would incite unrest. Their deployment prompted precisely the result it was intended to forestall. Parisians, enraged at this armed intrusion, followed the instructions of Cosse de Brissac and reinforced the chain barriers by heaping earth and paving stones into wooden barrels (or barriques, in the French of that day, whence the term barricades). The Royal Guards suddenly found themselves isolated in small units. With their lines of communication broken, they became highly vulnerable to the barricade-builders who had so quickly asserted control over the capital. After initial collisions in which a few guardsmen were killed and many others disarmed, the troops- and eventually the king himself- were forced to withdraw from the city.”

Traugott in Traugott, M. ed (1995) Repertoires and Cycles of Collective Action

“Moreover, army and militia commanders had learned the lessons of previous revolutions in which troops had immediately been dispersed to prevent the construction of barricades spread across the capital. This approach exposed the rank and file to appeals by insurgents and to the risk of being disarmed. Based on this experience, the June insurrection was allowed to develop more completely before troops were dispatched in mass units with orders to attack…” Traugott, about Paris, in Traugott

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