Policy constraints

The second form of power influence is the institutional circumstance in which reducing carbon emissions legislation is designed so that regulatory framework and social conditions are not beneficial for renewable energy development. This regulatory framework and institutional conditions include the policy environment, regulation alignment, routines and procedures. In the end, this creates uncertainty for all stakeholders in investing for renewable energy [14]. Nill and Kemp [35] show how such economic uncertainty in the political context provides what they call ‘policy constraints’ to sustainable innovation policies.

(Effendi and Courvisanos, 2012: 249)

Effendi, P. and Courvisanos, J. 2012. Political aspects of innovation: Examining renewable energy in Australia. Renewable Energy, Vo 38, pp.245-252.

citing Nill J, Kemp R. Evolutionary approaches for sustainable innovation policies: from niche to paradigm. Research Policy 2009;38(4):668e80.

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