Transilience index

“The transilience index reflects the degree of technical difficulty of innovations over time. For the 1894–1980 period, Abernathy et al. [41] construct this index for the American car industry, based on a coding of 631 technical innovations using a 7-point scale (based on how disruptive the innovation is to the production process).”

W.J. Abernathy, K.B. Clark, A.M. Kantrow, Industrial Renaissance: Producing a Competitive Future for America, Basic Books, New York, 1983

(Penna and Geels, 2012:1007)

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