Neoliberalism, eh? That handy catch-all insult that helps mainstream liberals not say “capitalism”, that helps radicals not have to think very hard about how to think or communicate. Nota bene, I am not saying it is not real, that it does not matter, that there is not a usefulness to the term. Just that we tend to use it very lazily.
That point is one among many very well made in an extraordinary (in a good way) piece in the New Left Review Sept/Oct 2016, called – wait for it – The New Neoliberalism.
The author, William Davies silkily moves from an anecdote of Yanis Varoufakis (that bald Greek Finance Minister guy the Guardian drools over) to the Artist Taxi Driver and on to Ludwig Van Mises. Some Carl Schmitt, Tony Gramsci, Maggie Thatcher. And so on.
The take home is this:
- 1979-1989 – Combative Neoliberalism (smash dem unions, colonise hope)
- 1990-2008 – Normative Neoliberalism (imagine that grinning warmonger saying ‘we’re all meritocrats now’)
- 2008 – 20?? Punitive Neoliberalism (‘this thing of darkness, I do not acknowledge mine’), when people who have heart attacks on their way to the benefits office get sanctioned for non-attendance…
It is a very cogent heuristic, which I want to remember (thus this post), and merits further thought.
What’s missing from the article?
- From the past: the use of the ’60s rhetoric of individuality as part of the cultural battering ram, as per Boltanski and Chiapello.
- From the present (i.e. his assessment of why this is happening – “Yet somehow this increases the urge to punish them further). We’ll, there’s probably some narcissistic rage going on, at the lack of adulation from the masses? Hegel would say the master doesn’t like the lack of a (proper) slave. And fear, there is always fear. Of the pitchforks, of the future. That’s how this breed of hominid rolls…
- From the future: the rise of the surveillance capitalism, the bots, the pending ecological debacles as game changers.
But as I am learning, no single article can (or should try) to deal with everything. This is a corker. Read it now.